Mishna || שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה || 63 Tractates

  • In order to preserve תורה שבעל פה it was necessary to write it down.
  • Around the year 210 C.E. רבי יהודה הנשיא led the sages in writing down  תורה שבעל פה  as clear concise notes.
  • He also included dissenting opinions so:
  • no one would accuse the righteous of the  previous generations of not following הלכה;
  • to avoid general confusion as to why in the past there were different Halachic practices; and
  • to teach that one should respect his opponent’s opinion.
  • There were other statements recorded by other תנאים known as ברייתות.  Since they did not match  the משנה in clarity and brevity, the משנה was dominant.